Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Abrus precatorius Linn.

Family: Fabaceae
Synonym(s) : Rhynchosia precatoria
English name: Jequirity bean, rosary pea, prayer bean, precatory bean, Indian liquorice
A perennial, twinning shrub. Leaves 9-12 cm long, leaves have rachis bristle-tipped ; leaflet 10-20 pairs, 1-2 x 0.5-0.8 cm, oblong. Flowers pink, born in fascicles on swollen nodes of axillary racemes. Calyx campanulate, corolla 8-9 mm long, stamens 9, pods oblong, beaked, pubescent and turgid. Seeds ovate, elliptic, shinning smooth, scarlet red colour with black hilum and 3-8 mm long.
Herb Effects
Anti-spasmodic,anthelmintic, anti-diarrhoeal,  anti-convulsant,anti-bacterial,alexiteric,astringent,abortifacient,  anti-septic, diuretic, emetic, diuretic, febrifuge,insecticide,inhibits intestinal motility,purgative, toxic, trichogenous.
Active Ingredients: Abrin
Medicinal Uses:
A tea is made from the leaves and used to treat fevers, coughs and colds. In Ceylon it is taken for sore throat and rheumatism. It is used as a remedy for pain in the chest. Roots are applied to the snake-bitten part. A cold infusion of the root is used in leucorrhoea and for gonorrhoea. Seeds are useful in affection of nervous system and externally in skin diseases, ulcers, affections of the hairs. Seeds reduced to paste are applied locally in sciatica stiffness of shoulder joints, paralysis and of nervous disease. In white leprosy seed paste and plumbago root is applied as a stimulant dressing.

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