Friday, December 5, 2008

Cinchona officinalis Linn.

Family : Rubiaceae

Synonym(s) : Cinchona uritusinga, Cinchona condaminea, Cinchona academica, Cinchona crispa and Cinchona chahuarguera

English Name : Peruvian, Crown or Pale Cinchona Bark

Origin : The Andes


A tree 6-15 m in height with rough brown bark, having pale yellow markings inside and dull white ones outside, 7-15 cm long, ovate-lanceolate leaves with reddish green petioles, red flowers in coryliform cymes, oblong, 12-20 mm long capsules and elliptic winged seeds.


Tamil Nadu and the Andes (from 6000 to 7500 ft) (including Peru and Ecuador).

Parts Used : Bark and plant

Herb Effects

Antimalarial (plant and bark); antiarrhythmic and cardiotonic (plant); antipyretic, stringent and antiseptic (bark); antiparasitic, antiprotozoal, antispasmodic, bitter digestive aid, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart).

Active Ingredients

Quinine,quinidine, cinchonidine, cinchonine and cinchotannic acid(Plant); quercetin, kaempferol and avicularin (leaves).

Medicinal Use

As a tonic in intermittent fevers, debility, leucorrhea, smallpox, rheumatism, etc.. in skin ulcers and gum problems (bark); sore throat (bark decoction or infusion).


Bark decoction: One-half cup 1-3 times daily.
4:1 tincture: 1-2 ml is taken twice daily.
Capsules: 2 g twice daily.


May potentiate blood thinning medications such as Warfarin.®


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