Monday, December 1, 2008

Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall.

Family : Apocynaceae

Synonym(s) : Holarrhena pubescens (BUCH.-HAM.) WALLICH EX DO. , Echites pubescens Buch.-Ham.

English Name : Tellicherry Bark and Coneru


Deciduous tree or large shrub; leaves sessile or subsessile, broadly ovate to elliptic-oblong, abruptly acuminate, often unequal, rounded or obtuse at base, lateral nerves 10 to 15 pairs, arching near the margin; flowers white, bracts small, follicles 20 to 42 by 0.8 to 1.2 cm; seeds up to 1 cm long, linear-oblong, coma about twice as long as seeds, seeds brown.


Garhwal (Himalayas) (up to 1200 m)

Parts Used : Bark, seed, flower and leaves

Herb Effects

Acrid, antidysenteric, anthelmintic, astringent, reduces fever, tonic and increases the secretion of gastric juices (bark); slows down the growth of certain bacteria related to tuberculosis (conessine in bark) antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, bitter, carminative, expectorant, febrifuge; anticancer, anti protozoa, hypoglycaemic, astringent and febrifuge (fruit).

Active Ingredients

Conessine, connessimine, conkurchine, kurchine, holarrhinene, conarrhinine and isoconcessimine (bark alkaloids).

Medicinal Use

In dysentery and diarrhea especially that which is caused by an amoeba (bark and seed); in jaundice and stones within the bladder, to treat fever, bleeding piles, leprosy and skin diseases, cough, calculi, gravels, wound and diabetes. Bark-powder is used in abdominal and glandular tumours.


Powder : 3 - 5 gms.


Avoid during pregnancy


1. Ballal M., Srujan D, Bhat K.K, Shirwaikar A, Shivananda P.G , Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2001; 33: 392-393.

2. Brown HC. Holarrhena antidysenterica. Br Med J 1992; 306:903-10.

3. Gopal, Chauhen MG. Holarrena antidysenterica- A review. Suppl to cultivation and utilisation of medicinal plants, Ed. Handa SS, Kaul MK, Jammu Tawi, Regional research laboratory 1996; 223-41.

4. Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

5. Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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