Tuesday, February 24, 2009

Lycopodium clavatum L.

English Name : Stag's-horn Clubmoss or Ground Pine

Family : Lycopodiaceae

A spore-bearing vascular plant, growing mainly prostrate along the ground with stems up to 1 m long; the stems are much branched, and densely clothed with small spirally-arranged leaves. The leaves are 3-5 mm long and 0.7-1 mm broad, tapered to a fine hair-like white point. The branches bearing spore cones turn erect, reaching 5-15 cm above ground, and have fewer leaves than the horizontal branches. The spore cones are yellow-green, 2-3 cm long and 5 mm broad. The horizontal stems produce roots at frequent intervals along their length, allowing the stem to grow indefinitely along the ground.

Moorland, fields, pastures and rare in lowland areas.

Parts Used : Plant, spores

Herb Effects
Analgesic, antirheumatic, carminative, mildly diuretic, stomachic and tonic (plant decoction); antipruritic, decongestant, diuretic and stomachic (spores).

Active Ingredients
Alanine, arginine, histidine, linoleic acid, myristic acid, nicotine, oleic acid, palmitic acid (pollen or spore); apigenin, azelaic acid, ferulic acid, vanillic acid (plant).

Medicinal Use
In the treatment of urinary and kidney disorders, rheumatic arthritis, catarrhal cystitis, gastritis, to skin diseases and irritations (plant); as a dusting powder to various skin diseases, to wounds or inhaled to stop bleeding noses (spores).

Specific Medicine Lycopodium: one to fifteen minims.
Tincture: one to twenty minims.


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