Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Rosa damascena Mill.

English Name : Persian Rose

Family : Rosaceae

Origin : Asia Minor

An erect shrub, up to 2 m high. Branches long, arching, with large hooked prickles; leaves pinnate, leaflets 3-7, petioles prickly; flowers many in a corymb, double, red, pink or white, on slender glandular-hispid and prickly pedicels, sweet-scented; fruit ovoid or obovate, bristly, bright red and pulpy.

Parts Used : Flower (bud and stamen) and fruit

Herb Effects
Bitter, astringent, sweet, cooling emollient aromatic, cardiotonic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, digestive, carminative, aphrodisiac, depurative, febrifuge, intellect promoting styptic (flowers).

Active Ingredients
Alpha-pinene, benzaldehyde, beta-pinene, camphene, carvone, cinnamaldehyde, citronellol, ethanol, eugenol, geranial, geraniol, heneicosane, limonene, methyl-eugenol, myrcene, neral, nerol, nonadecane, phenylethyl alcohol, terpinen-4-ol, (oil); beta-sitosterol, kaempferol (plant); chlorogenic acid (pollen); lycopene, xanthophyll, zeaxanthin (fruit); quercetin, quercitrin (flower).

Medicinal Use
In heart problems, as a tonic and gentle laxative (flower bud); in intestinal ulcers, rickets, haemorrhages and diarrhoea (roots); in treating wounds, ophthalmia, hepatopathy and haemorrhoids (leaves).


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