Sunday, February 15, 2009

Mentha aquatica L.

English Name : Water mint, Marsh mint, Wild mint

Family : Lamiaceae

Origin : Europe

A herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing to 90 cm tall. The stems are square in cross section, green or purple, and variably hairy to almost hairless. The rhizomes are wide-spreading, fleshy, and bear fibrous roots. The leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2–6 cm long and 1–4 cm broad, green (sometimes purplish), opposite, toothed, and vary from hairy to nearly hairless. The flowers are tiny, densely crowded, purple, tubular, pinkish to lilac in colour.

Shallow margins and channels of streams, rivers, pools, dykes, ditches, canals, wet meadows, marshes and ferns.

Parts Used : Leaf

Herb Effects
Anodyne, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, antitussive, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emetic, emmenagogue, refrigerant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic and vasodilator (leaves).

Active Ingredients
Acacetin, apigenin, hesperetin, rosmarinic acid (plant); (+)- pulegone, 1,8-cineole, acetone, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, carvone, caryophyllene, formic acid, isomenthone, limonene, linalyl acetate, menthofuran, menthol, menthone, menthyl acetate, menthyl valerate, myrcene, neomenthol, piperitenone, piperitone, pulegone, tannin, viridiflorol (leaves).

Medicinal Use
A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive disorders and various minor ailments. It is also used as a mouth-wash and a gargle for treating sore throats, ulcers, bad breath etc. A decoction of leaves has been indicated in various conditions such as adenopathy, asthma, bites, boils, bronchosis, burn, breast cancer, gum cancer, cancers of liver, parotid and spleen, carbuncles, catarrh, condyloma, coryza, cough, diarrhea , dysmenorrhea, earache, eczema, gall stones, gas, gingivosis, hay fever, hepatosis, inflammations, itch, laryngosis, mastosis, mycosis, neuralgia, ozena, pain, parotosis, pharyngosis, phthisis, pulmonosis, ringworm, sciatica, sore throat, splenosis, stings, toothache, vaginosis etc.

30 g leaf/500 ml water. As a daily dose, drink a wine glassful during the course of the day.


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