Thursday, February 26, 2009

Physalis minima L.

English Name : Sunberry

Family : Solanaceae

Origin : Tropical America

A herbaceous annual up to 30 cm. high, with striate stems, often pubescent. Leaves alternate, ovate-soinute, more or less pubescent, apex acute, base cuneate, margins shallowly toothed or lobed; petiole 1.3 to 3.2 cm long. Flowers solitary, pedicels very slender, noding, 3 to 8 mm long. Fruit (berry) round, 8 to 12 mm in diameter, green, many-seeded, entirely enclosed in the enlarged, 5 to 10 ribbed, membranous calyx. Seeds smooth or tuberculate, rugose, compressed, 2 mm in diameter, orange-yellow.

Often found on bunds and irrigated fields in India.

Parts Used : Fruit and aerial part

Herb Effects
The fruit is appetizer, bitter, diuretic, laxative and tonic. Extracts from the plant have shown anticancer activity; diuretic (aerial part and fruit); abortifacient (aerial part).

Active Ingredients
Dihydroxyphysalin B2-4 and physalins A. B and X (aerial part)

Medicinal Use
Gonorrhea, as a tonic, diuretic and laxative (fruit). The juice of the leaves is used as a remedy for earache.

Use 15 to 30 gms dried material in decoction.


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