Thursday, February 26, 2009

Pinus roxburghii Sarg.

English Name : Chir Tree

Family : Pinaceae

Origin : Himalaya

A tall tree, with a spreading crown. Branches more or less whorled; bark dark grey, often reddish, deeply fissured, rough, exfoliating in longitudinally elongated plates; leaves in clusters of three, 20-30 cm long, triquetrous, finely toothed, light green, persisting on an average for a year and a half; male flowers about 1.5 cm long, arranged in the form of cones; female cones, solitary or 2-5 together, ovoid, 10-20 cm. x 7.5-13.0 cm. when ripe, brown, woody; seeds winged; without wing 7.5-13.0 mm.x 5.0-6.5 mm.; wings long, membranous.

Parts Used : Oil and resin

Herb Effects
Rubefacient, expectorant, antiseptic, diuretic and vermifuge (oil); diaphoretic and stimulant (wood).

Active Ingredients
Alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, camphene, delta-3-carene (resin)

Medicinal Use
In lumbago, rheumatism, in chronic bronchitis, neuralgia, arthritis, skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers (oil).


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