Sunday, February 15, 2009

Medicago sativa L.

English Name : Alfalfa

Family : Fabaceae

Origin : West Asia and the Mediterranean region

Alfalfa is a perennial herb. It grows to a height of a foot or more. The erect, smooth stem grows from an elongated taproot. The flowers are blue to purple. It produces a characteristic spirally coiled seed pods.

A variety of climates throughout the world; widely cultivated throughout temperate regions of the world, the subtropics and at higher altitudes in the tropics; it is grown throughout India.

Parts Used : Whole herb and leaf, seeds, roots

Herb Effects
Tonic, Antifungal, Laxative, Diuretic, Detoxifier, Anti-inflammatory, Febrifuge, Hepatoprotective, Digestive, Nutritive, Anodyne, Anti-Arthritic

Active Ingredients
3'-Methoxycoumestrol, 3-Methylbutanol, -O-Methylcoumestrol 4-Amino-Butyric-Acid, 11,12-Dimethoxy-7-Hydroxycoumestin, Adenine, Alfalfone, Alpha-Spinasterol, Alpha-Tocopherol, Arabinose, Beta-sitosterol, Betaine, Biochanin-A, Butanone, Campesterol, Chlorophyllide-A, Choline, Coumestrol, Cryptoxanthin, Cycloartenol, Daidzen, Daphnoretin, Formononetin , Genistein, Hederagenin, Hentriacontane, Hypoxanthine, L-Stachydrine, Limonene, Lucernol, Lutein, Malic-acid, Malonic-acid, Medicagenic-acid, Medicagol, Niacin, Octacosanol, Oxalic, Pectin, Pectinase, Quinic-acid, Riboflavin, Sativol,Shikimic-acid, Soyasapogenols, Stachydrine, Stigmasterol, Succinic-acid,Triacontanol, Trifoliol, Trigonelline, Trimethylamine, Tryptophan, Violaxanthin, Vit-E, Vit-K, Xanthophylls, Xylose, Zeaxanthin.

Medicinal Use
Overall tonic and appetite stimulant (stomach disorders, arthritis); treat urinary tract infections, kidney, bladder and prostrate disorders; heart problems (leaves in juice form); respitory dysfunctions (chlorophyll); are used as a nutritive tonic to stimulate the appetite, in the treatment of earache, to encourage the clotting of blood and promote weight gain (leaves); has an oestrogenic action and useful in treating problems related to menstruation and the menopause (plant); in the treatment of gravel (plant juice); taken internally for debility in convalescence or anaemia, haemorrhage, menopausal complaints, pre-menstrual tension, fibroids etc (plant); in cases of highly coloured urine (root).

Capsules: Take two capsules, one to two times each day with water at mealtimes.
Tincture: ten drops four or five times a day.

Seeds should not be ingested during pregnancy or lactation. Flatulence, abdominal discomfort, loose stools, diarrhea, and loss of appetite may result from ingesting large amounts of alfalfa seeds. (120 g/day).


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