Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Passiflora incarnata L.

English Name : Maypops, Apricot vine, Purple passionflower

Family : Passifloraceae

A climbing vine, 7รข€”10 m long. Leaves alternate, 3-lobed, serrulate, petiolate, to +15cm long, +13cm wide, glabrous. Petioles with two glands near base of leaf blade. Flowers are typically 6-7cm broad, purplish-white in colour, with a terminal appendage. Fruit an ovoid berry, about 5 cm long, yellow.

Grows in sandy thickets and open soils, fields, roadsides, fence rows and thickets; up to 1500 m altitude.

Parts Used : Plant, stem, leaf and root

Herb Effects
A valuable non-addictive sedative and tranquilliser, slightly reduces blood pressure and increases respiratory rate (plant); antispasmodic, astringent, diaphoretic, hypnotic, narcotic, sedative and vasodilator (leaves and stems).

Active Ingredients
Apigenin, harmaline, harmalol, harmol, isoorientin, isovitexin, kaempferol, luteolin, orientin, raffinose, rutin, stigmasterol, sucrose, vitexin (plant); glutamine, phenylalanine (fruit); harmine (shoot); quercetin, umbelliferone, valine (leaf); scopoletin, tyrosine (root).

Medicinal Use
Used in the treatment of insomnia, epilepsy, hysteria, nervous tension, irritability, neuralgia, irritable bowel syndrome, pre-menstrual tension and vaginal discharges (plant); in the treatment of women's complaints (leaves and stems); applied as a poultice to boils, cuts, earaches, inflammations etc. (roots).

Contraindicated in pregnancy.


No comments: