Sunday, February 1, 2009

Desmodium gangeticum(L.) DC.

English Name : Ticktree

Family : Fabaceae

A shrub, 06 to 1.2 m tall. Leaves unifoliate, petioles 1 to 2 cm long; stipules scarious, 6 to 8 mm long, apex acute, base round, margin wavy, glabrescent. Flowers violet or white, borne in fascicles of 2 to 5 flowers in lax, terminal and axillary racemes 15 to 30 cm long; pedicels 4 to 6 mm long, pubescent; bracts subulate 1.5 to 3.0 mm long; calyx 2 mm long, hairy, campanulate; corolla 3 to 4 mm long. Fruit pod linear to slightly curved, 1.2 to 2 cm long and 2 mm wide, indehiscent.

Fields and forests on lower elevations (up to 1500 m) of India and the Himalayas.

Parts Used : Root, plant and its aerial part

Herb Effects
Analgesic and antiinflammatory (root), Astringent, diuretic, febrifuge, expectorant, laxative, nervine, tonic.

Active Ingredients
NB-methyltetra-hydroharman, indole-3-alkylamines and their NB-oxides and 6-methoxy-2-methyl-beta-carboline (aerial part); gangetinin. desmodin. gangetin and several alkaloids (pterocarpanoids of root).

Medicinal Use
Diarrhea and to prepare "dasmula koatha" (root); asthma (root and plant); cough and fever (plant). Used to treat haemorrhoids, bronchitis, cardiopathy, anorexia, dyspepsia, inflammations.

Decoction (1 in 10) of the root is used in fevers.

Contraindicated during pregnancy


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