Monday, March 16, 2009

Eucalyptus globulus LABILL.

English Name : Australian or Blue Gum Tree

Family : Myrtaceae

Origin : Tasmania and Victoria

A large tree attaining a height of 60 m or more with a straight, clean bole and smooth bark peeling off in long thin strips or sheets. Leaves on young twigs opposite, sessile, cordate-ovate, glaucous grey; adult leaves alternate, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, falcate. Flowers large, axillary, solitary or 2 to 3 together; calyx tube broadly turbinate, thick and woody. Fruits (capsules) semi-globular, containing numerous minute seeds. Stems of seedlings and coppice shoots quadrangular in cross section.

Parts Used : Leaf, aerial part, bark and essential oil

Herb Effects
The leaves, and the essential oil they contain, are antiseptic, antispasmodic, expectorant, febrifuge and stimulant. Its antiseptic properties confer some antimalarial action; carminative, alleviates spasms, antiperiodic, antiseptic, aromatic, deodorant, expectorant, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic, stimulant and fungitoxic (leaf); antibacterial and stimulates the cardiovascular system (aerial part); antiseptic (mainly in skin diseases and for upper respiratory infections), stimulant and expectorant (essential oil); antipyretic (bark and leaf).

Active Ingredients
Cineole (essential oil of leaf and aerial part); camphene,alpha-phyllandrene, beta-eudesmol, alpha and beta-thujone, caffeic acid, camphene, carvone, chlorogenic acid, citriodorol, cuminaldehyde, ellagic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, hyperoside, P-cymene, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin, sabinene, verbenone and flavonoids (leaf).

Medicinal Use
In rheumatism, asthma, spasmodic throat troubles, increases cardiac action, chronic bronchitis, skin diseases and for burns (essential oil of leaf and aerial part); in sporadic fevers (alcohol extract of bark and leaf); alleviating spasms (leaf); for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections (leaves essential oil); in the treatment of diarrhoea and bladder inflammation, externally it is applied to cuts etc (resin); in the form of a tincture in asthma and chronic bronchitis (dried leaves).

Oil: 1/2 to 3 minims. for purposes of inhalation, for asthma, diphtheria, sore throat, etc.
For ulcers and sores: 1 OZ. of the oil is added to 1 pint of lukewarm water.
For local injections: 1/2 OZ. to the pint is taken.
Fluid Extract: 1/2 to 1 drachm, in scarlet fever, typhoid and intermittent fever.


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