Tuesday, March 17, 2009

Euphorbia thymifolia L.

English Name : Thyme-leaf Spurge, gulf sandmat, chicken weed

Family : Euphorbiaceae

Origin : Pantropics

A small annual herb. Leaves opposite, very small, 3 to 6 mm long and 2.5 to 4 mm wide, obliquely oblong, apex round, margins crenulate, base round, glabrous, petioles very short. Flowers involucres, axillary, solitary or 2 to 3 together, campanulate, 0.8 mm long, stalk very short. Capsules 1.5 mm long, obtusely keeled, pubescent. Seeds quadrangular, bluntly pointed.

Gardens and gravelly areas of India.

Parts Used : Leaf, seed, latex, root, plant and its aerial part

Herb Effects
Stimulant, laxative, antidiarreal and astringent (seed and leaf); antispasmodic. dilates bronchial tubes and antifungal (plant).

Active Ingredients
Euphorbol, hexacosanol, epitaraxerol, sterols and esters (aerial part)

Medicinal Use
In amenorrhea (root) and skin diseases (latex); to treat ringworm (fresh plant juice). An essential oil distilled from the plant is used in medicinal soaps used to treat erysipelas and as a mosquito and fly repellent.


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