Thursday, March 5, 2009

Syzygium aromaticum (L.) MERRILL & PERRY.

English Name : Cloves, zanziber redheads

Family : Myrtaceae

Origin : Malay Archipelago especially Moluccas

A large shrub or medium sized tree with pyramidal or conical crown 9 to 12 m. high and sometimes taller. The main stem is erect and often forking at a height of 1.5 to 1.8 m. The bark is smooth and grey. Leaves lanceolate, in pairs, acute at both ends, 7.5 to 12.3X 2.5 to 3.75 cm. in size, gland-dotted and fragrant. Flower buds borne in small clusters at the ends of branches, greenish, turning pink at the time of maturity and aromatic. Drupes, fleshy, dark pink, 2.5 cm. long x 1.5 cm. thick. Seeds oblong, soft, grooved on one side and 1.5 cm. Iong.

In gardens and fields of southern India and in Zanzibar.

Parts Used : Plant, flower bud and its essential oil

Herb Effects
Antiviral, stimulates the secretion of gastric juices. aphrodisiac and carminative (bud); antiinflammatory (plant); antibacterial, rubefacient, counter-irritant, antispasmodic, aids in stabilizing blood circulation, regulates body temperature and analgesic.

Active Ingredients
Acetyl-eugenol, benzaldehyde, caryophyllene, caryophyllene-oxide, cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, gallic acid, kaempferol, maslinic acid, methyl-eugenol, methyl-salicylate, oleanolic acid, riboflavin, thiamin, trans-anethole, vanillin (flower); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (bark); benzyl-acetate, benzyl-alcohol, beta-sitosterol, carvone, ellagic acid, isoeugenol, methyl-chavicol, rhamnetin, stigmasterol, tannin (plant).

Medicinal Use
As an analgesic and for sensitive teeth and cavities (of the teeth) (essential oil); indigestion, gastric irritation, alleviating nausea and in halitosis (bud); respiratory maladies, sore throat, headache and coryza, for removal of stain in teeth, as salivary stimulator in sublingual pharmaceutical compositions, for treating circulatory diseases such as posttraumatic oedema.

Infusion: Use 1 teaspoon of powdered herb per cup of boiling water. Steep 10 to 20 minutes. Drink up to 3 cups a day.


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