Thursday, March 26, 2009

Polygonum glabrum WILLD.

English Name : Denseflower knotweed

Family : Polygonaceae

Origin : Pantropics

An erect, glabrous herb. Leaves lanceolate, acuminate at apex, tapering at base, gland dotted; ochreae 2.0 to 3.5 cm long, glabrous, truncate at mouth. Racemes terminal. Panicled; bracts glabrous. Perianth pink; lobes 5. Stamens 8, styles 2. Fruit nut, biconvex.

Marshes of India

Parts Used : Leaf, flower, rhizome and plant

Herb Effects
Antiviral, hypothermic and stimulates the cardiovascular system (plant); antibacterial (leaf).

Active Ingredients
Cyanidin-3 and delphinidin-3 (flower); quercitrin, avicularin, rutin and rhamnetin (leaf); quercetin (leaf and flower).

Medicinal Use
Colic (leaf); in pneumonia and as anthelmintic (plant juice); snakebite antidote (rhizome); for piles, jaundice, debility and consumption (root stocks).


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