Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Tinospora cordifolia (WILLD.) HOOK.F. & THOMS

English Name : Tinospora gulancha

Family : Menispermaceae

Origin : India

It is a large, glabrous, deciduous climbing shrub. The stems are rather succulent with long filiform fleshy aerial roots from the branches. The bark is grey-brown and warty; the leaves are membranous and cordate; the flowers, small, yellow or greenish yellow, in axillary and terminal racemes or racemose panicles; the male flowers clustered and females usually solitary; the drupes are ovoid, glossy, succulent, red and pea-sized; the seeds curved.

It is found throughout tropical India, to an altitude of 300m.

Parts Used : Stem, dry stem and extract

Herb Effects
Antiperiodic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic.

Active Ingredients
Tinsporine, tinosporide, tinosporaside, cordifolide, cordifol, heptacosanol, clerodane furano diterpene, diterpenoid furanolactone tinosporidine, columbin, and ß-sitosterol.

Medicinal Use
To treat fever (irregular and chronic), jaundice, thrist, vomiting, arthritis, skin diseases, cough, as rejuvenative for purifying breast-milk, eye diseases,secondary syphilis, rheumatism, constipation, tuberculosis, and leprosy. It is a blood purifier and may be useful in AIDS and other immune diseases also. It is also being proposed for cancer patients before and after chemotherapy.

Infusion: one-half to one fluidounce (15-30 mils).
Tincture: one-half to one fluidrachm (1.8-3.75 mils).
Concentrated solution: one-half to one fluidrachm (1.8-3.75 mils).


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