Monday, March 2, 2009

Spondias pinnata (J. Koenig ex L. f.) Kurz

English Name : Common hog plum, Indian mombin, Andaman mombin, Amra, Amna, Ambra

Family : Anacardiaceae

Origin : Tropical Asia

Tree up to 27 m tall and with trunk diameter up to 50 cm but usually much smaller. Leaves 30-60 cm long, imparipinnate; leaflets 5-11, broadly elliptical, 6-10 cm x 2.5-6 cm, base rounded, apex acuminate, with 20-25 pairs of close parallel veins, all joining an intra-marginal vein. Inflorescence a large terminal panicle, with greenish-white, polygamous flowers. Fruit an ovoid drupe, 4-7 cm long, smooth, yellowish-green mottled with yellow and black, fleshy; stone surrounded by a capsule of intertwined fibres. Seed oblong-elliptical; only one of the three ovules develops.

Occurs in dry areas in deciduous forest, up to 1500 m altitude, but is nowhere very common.

Parts Used : Bark and fruit

Herb Effects
Astringent and antiscorbutic (fruits)

Active Ingredients
Ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (fruits); geraniin (leaves)

Medicinal Use
The bark is recommended for stomach ache, dysentery, rheumatism and swollen joints. The fruit is used against bilious dyspepsia. The fruit juice is applied against earache.


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